Moses Southard
 of
Madison County, Virginia

Another look at the children of Moses Southard and Joseph Southard of Madison Co, Virginia.

Moses

Moses Southard died in Madison Co, Virginia in 1838.    In his will, proved 25 October 1838, Will Book 6, page 397, he mentions the names of seven children.     

Of the seven children named in the will, we can document only two where there is a written reference to them as children of Moses.   The will specifically mentions 'daughter Jenny' and later includes Jenny with 'the children'.   The marriage bond of daughter Sarah has Moses approval even though she is 'of age'.  A wife is not mentioned in the will nor are any grandchildren. 

An eighth child was not mentioned in the will.  The death record of Lewis Southard in Page Co, Virginia states that he died on the 16th day of August, 1870 at age 82 years and 3 months, was born in Stafford Co, Virginia and was the son of Moses Southard with no mother mentioned.   From Madison County records we learn that Lewis Southard was involved in a dispute with Moses over money.  Possibly this is the reason he was left out of the will. 

There is the question of all of Moses living children being identified and wonder if there others who, like Lewis, were left out of the will?   Maybe the reference to 'the children' in his will is to the only children he wished to remember.

There is now evidence that the family of Moses Southard was larger than that so far identified.   There is positive evidence of two additional sons, both of whom were older than Lewis Southard.

Is the Moses Southard who was born in Stafford County, Virginia on 28 May 1753 and appears in the Overwharton Parish Register as the son of Joseph Suddarth and Jemina Skidmore the same person as Moses Southard of Madison Co?

Consider the following.

Age - A statistical analysis of the 1810, 1820 and 1830 census indicates a year of birth after 1750 and before 1760.  This is consistent with a birth date of 1753.

Jemina Southard - Mother of Moses Southard.  Made her will in Stafford County in 1786 beginning with 'Now living in Stafford County…".  It is unknown where she was living prior to this time but possibly Faquier Co where many [Southard] Stafford Co residents took refuge during the Revolution.

Death record of Lewis Southard indicates that he was born in Stafford County in 1788.

Stafford Tax Personal Property Tax Books 

The Stafford County Personal Property Tax Books exist, with the exception of 1808, from 1783.  These books, one for each year, contain listings of each person who is taxable.  In this case, each person who is over 21 and other taxables such as horses, slaves etc.  As the sons in each household become 21, the number of tithables in the household increases by one and decreases as each son appears on the roll individually.  (provided one did not lie to the tax man about the childrens ages to avoid the tax).  

            These Tax Books are not as good as one would like to have through some critical years but they are sufficient to establish location.

The Stafford County Personal Property Tax Books show Moses Southard living in Stafford County in 1783, 1784, 1787, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792 and 1793.  He does not appear on the list in 1785, 1786, 1788 and after 1793.  Moses always appears with 1 tithable person in these records.

Moses appears as Southard, Suthard and Sudduth in these records.

Madison County Personal Property Tax Books

       The Madison County Personal Property Tax Books exist, with the exception of 1808, from 1793.  These books, one for each year, contain listings of each person who is taxable.  In this case, each person who is over 16 and other taxables such as horses, slaves etc.  As the sons in each household become 16, the number of tithables in the household increases by one and decreases as each son appears on the roll individually.  (provided one did not lie to the tax man about the childrens ages to avoid the tax and there is some indication of this on both the Tax and Census records). 

       These Tax Books are not as good as one would like to have through some critical years but they are sufficient to establish the families.  Moses and Joseph Southard are primarily listed as Southard from 1795 through 1801.  From 1802 through 1809 Southards are mostly listed as Suddoth and then Southard again from 1810 on.  

      An examination of the books reveals that the Tax Collector changed in 1802 and again in 1811.  Between these dates the data is not as clear nor does it appear as complete.  In addition, 1808 is missing completely.   The information contained in these books reveals that the Tax Collector collected names during the first few months of the year, generally before June in a series of ledgers.  These ledgers were then compiled into an alphabetical Tax Book for the county.  In some years the lists are missing some data, "L" and "O" being missing in one year for example and in other years the compilation is not in alphabetic order, "R" coming after "S" and "T" for example.  In addition, in some years the ledgers are very poor and almost unreadable.

       Moses Southard appears in these books every year beginning in 1795 through 1817 which is the last year I have examined.

I believe then that these are the children of Moses Southard and his wife, still an unknown person at this time. 

1.  Benjamin Southard.  Born about 1780/1781, probably Stafford Co, deceased or moved before 1805.  Moses Southard appears on the Madison Personal property Tax Rolls as Moses Southard / Sutherd / Sothard  and Son with 2 tithables from 1798 through 1800 and as Moses Southard and Son with 1 tithable in 1801.  The next year, 1802, Both Moses Suddoth and Benjamin Suddoth appear on the Personal Property Tax Rolls .  Benjamin appears in 1802 through 1804 and then never again.  Benjamin appears to be the son of Moses.  Probably deceased as there is no record of him after this time.

This may be the only record that this person ever existed.

Note: Fielding Southard first appears on the Personal Property Tax Rolls in 1802, the same year as Benjamin.  An analysis of census records indicates Fielding is about 27 at this time.  See the separate discussion of Fielding Southard and the Souther family.

2. Susan Southard.  Born c 1781/1782, probably Stafford Co, deceased before 1850, married Thornton Preston 1 May 1803 in Fauquier Co, Virginia.  No marriage bond but the record states she is 'of age'.  Named in the will of Moses Southard as Susan Preston.  Thornton Preston was a buyer at the sale of the estate of Moses Southard.

3.  Betsy Southard.  Born c 1783/1784, probably Stafford Co, deceased before 1850, married James Loyd 30 July 1803 in Madison Co, Virginia.  Bondsman Joseph Southard (uncle?).  Named in the will of Moses Southard as Betsy Loyd.  James Loyd was a buyer at the sale of the estate of Moses Southard.

4. Travis Southard.  Born abt 1784/1785, probably Stafford Co, deceased 1809/1810, married Rosanna Stanley 7 Dec, 1807.   Moses Southard appears on the Madison Personal property Tax Rolls as Moses Suddoth  and Son with 2 tithables in 1802 and as Moses Southard and Son with 1 tithable in 1803.  The next and only Southard to appear on the Personal Property Tax Rolls in the following years is Travis Southard.

Travis does not appear in the 1810 census and disappears from the Personal Property Tax Rolls after 1809.  Rosannah Southard (widow on marriage bond) m. Zachariah Berry 1 Sept, 1817.  Zachariah Berry was a buyer at the sale of the estate of Moses Southard.  There is no evidence of children of Travis and Rosannah Southard.  [Yet]

5.  Lewis Southard.  Born 1788, Stafford Co, married Mary McAlister 21 Dec 1816 in Madison County.   Deceased 1870 Page Co, Virginia.  Moses Southard appears on the Madison Personal property Tax Rolls as Moses Southard  and Son with 2 tithables in 1811 and 1812 and as Moses Southard and Son with 1 tithable in 1813 with Lewis Southard as a separate entry.  Lewis is a buyer at the sale of the estate of Moses Southard.

6. Anna Southard.   Born abt 1790, probably Stafford Co, Married Jacob Bricker 17 January 1809 in Shenandoah Co, Va.

This is still speculative at this time.  Information provided by Sue Smith McLean of Houston Texas. 

7.  Sarah Southard.  Born abt 1796, probably Madison Co, married Gabriel Smith, Jr 23 July 1835 in Madison County.  Died after 1870 probably Madison Co. 

8.   Lucy Southard.  Born abt 1797, probably Madison Co, married William Taylor 20 Dec 1817 in Madison Co.   Deceased before 1850, probably Madison Co.

9. Elias Southard.  Born 1798/99, probably Madison Co, married Elizabeth Davis 29 Dec 1829.  Deceased after 1870, probably Greene Co, Virginia.

10.Isaac Southard.  Born 1800, probably Madison Co, married Lydia Ann Nicholson 17 Mar 1834 in Page Co, Virginia.  Died 29 January 1891 in Darby, Delaware Co, Pa.

The obituary of Isaac Southard from the Philadelphia Bulletin.   SOUTHARD -- On January 29, 1891, ISAAC SOUTHARD, in his 91st year.   The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, on residence, Fifth street, below Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, Darby , Pa..  To proceed to Mount Zion Cemetery, Interment private.

11.Jenny Southard.  Born abt 1806, probably Madison Co, died after 1850 place unknown. 

An appraisal of the estate of Moses Southard was filed in Madison Co, Virginia on 11 April 1839, Will Book 7, Page 45.

The sale of Moses Southard's estate was conducted on 25 June 1840 and is recorded in Will Book 7, page 76.  

Among the purchasers of estate items were sons Isaac and Lewis and son in laws William Taylor and Gabriel Smith, Jr.

Joseph Southard

Joseph Southard.  Born before 1765 (census 1810, age of 45 or greater).  Joseph first appears in the Madison County Personal Property Tax records in 1795, the same year as Moses Southard.  

Joseph is the name of the step brother of Moses Southard of Stafford Co, Virginia and I speculate that this is that person.  I also speculate that Joseph married in Madison Co, Virginia in the late 1790's a Susannah Blunt although no marriage record exists.  Possibly a second marriage. 

The will of Francis Blunt, 7 September 1809, Madison Will Book 2, pages 300-301 contains the following statement.  "it is my desire that Joseph Southard , his wife nor one of their offspring should enjoy one penny of my estate."  I doubt that this statement would appear unless he was concerned that some inheritance might be an issue and believe that this establishes a relationship between Susannah Southard and Francis Blunt.  I propose that Joseph and Susannah married without his permission probably maintained a less than cordial relationship and he made sure she was not included in any inheritance.  Francis Blunt appears on the Madison County Personal Property Tax Rolls beginning in 1793.

Joseph Southard, Sr. appears on the 1810 Census of Madison County but not the 1820 Census.   He last appears on the Personal property Tax Rolls in 1816 which would indicate he deceased in the last half of 1816 or early in 1817.

The Children of Joseph and Susannah

1       Thomas Southard.  Born abt 1798.  Joseph Southard appears with 2 tithables in his household in 1815 and 1 tithable in  1816.  Thomas Southard appears on the Tax Rolls in 1817.  Thomas appears to be the son of Joseph. 

2     Joseph Southard, Jr  Born abt 1799.  I expect to see Joseph Southard, Jr on the Tax Lists beginning in 1818.  

 Additional Tax Records

 I have examined the Tax records of Stafford Co from 1783 to 1805.  I have examined the Tax Records of Madison Co from 1793 to 1818.  I have the Tax Records of Madison Co from 1818-1850 on order.

I expect these records will help confirm Joseph Southard, Jr and help establish the parentage of other Madison Co Southards, in particular, Albert Southard and James W. Southard. 

 

Fielding Southard and the Southar family of Madison County.

Fielding Southard is still somewhat of a mystery.  Fielding appears on the Madison Tax lists from 1802 through 1810 and on the 1810 Census.  Fielding then moves to Kentucky.   I somehow do not think it was a coincidence that Fielding appears in Madison Co.   I believe he is related somehow but that may never be proved. There is one theory that he is the son of Joseph Southard by a first marriage.

I intend to examine the Tax Lists for surrounding counties prior to 1802 to try and locate Fielding.  Maybe I can gain a clue as to his father.

Madison and Culpeper before it has a family of Southar.  There is some minor confusion in the records between these families but they can be separated.  The Southar family are descended from a Germanna immigrant who settled in the area which became Culpeper then Madison.  I have corresponded with descendents of this family and they are well identified by wills and deeds.  There is no crossover between Southar and Southard that I can determine.

[A working document that is intended to become the Descendents of Moses Southard of Madison Co, Virginia.  With some of the ancestors & Siblings of Moses.  Documenting perhaps 3000 descendents]